Civil engineering in most cases is concerned with bridges, dams, roads and buildings. This is actually the type of engineering that takes place in almost all levels; from the private sectors to national governments. There are several types of civil engineering which include:
Structural engineering incorporates the analysis and designing of various structures, for example the bridges and buildings. The main aim is to establish and ascertain whether these structures can be able to withstand the different types of environment factors, such as typhoons, high winds and even earthquakes. Structural engineering is done by the structural engineers who have to be well informed in the behavior and properties of the different kinds of materials that are used in the construction.
Geotechnical engineering mainly depends on science and technology in creating projects and providing solutions to the problems that relates to geology. The construction projects incorporate pipelines, tunnels, levees, mines, structural foundation, stable slopes and embankments. The geotechnical engineer must possess the capability of understanding the soil conditions in absolutely all these types of scenarios because projects are bound to fail if the soil is not suitable. This type of engineering normally uses the rock and soil mechanics principles to assess the risks that the site conditions may have.
Environmental engineering makes analysis of the problems especially the environmental ones and strive to generate solution to the problems. It puts together the study of mathematics, environmental science, biology, atmospheric science, engineering technology, chemistry and hydrology. The tasks carried out by the environmental engineers includes improving the quality of water and air, locating underground water sources and treating, management of solid waste and treating both the hazardous and non-hazardous substances.
Water Resources Engineering
Water resources engineering is aimed at improving quantity and the quality of the water sources and water. Meteorology, environmental science, fluid dynamics and hydrology all play a very crucial role in water resources engineering. The water resources engineers concentrate on storm water and food analysis, groundwater remediation, wetland protection, waste water treatment and water supply planning.
Each of the civil engineering projects has to incorporate construction. Construction engineers therefore manage tasks such as the erection of structures, digging of tunnels, construction of roads and building of the treatment plants. A construction engineer therefore provides the required support to the project managers and play a very crucial role in coming up with the scopes, designs and even the cost estimates for the planning and consequently the construction of the projects that have been approved. Although many skills are required for this type of engineering, the skills in math and science are the most important.
Transportation engineering involves the process of designing, construction and maintenance of railways, highways, ports and the airfields. Transportation engineers researches and improves traffic controls as well as coming up with new ways of transportation, in an effort to ameliorate mass transportation. Simply put, transportation engineering aims at providing efficient, safe, comfortable, rapid, economical convenient and a movement of goods and people in such a manner that is much compatible with the environment.